To design your ideal retirement savings portfolio, you’ve got to buck the status quo. Relying on the same old financial advice – including blindly pumping money into a 401(k) – could be a mistake. Think outside the box instead.
If you were to characterize the perfect investment, how would you describe its features? You most likely are describing something that doesn’t exist – a financial unicorn that, if it actually did exist, would do away with all other financial products. But even though it doesn’t exist as a single product, there are ways to design an ideal portfolio of products that encapsulates the features you desire; you just have to know what you’re looking for to do it.
Business coach Dan Sullivan has a saying, “Our eyes only see and our ears only hear what our brain is looking for.” In other words, to find what you’re looking for, it is essential to know what you’re looking for.
Simple concept, right? But I see people making mistakes with their money on a daily basis in my practice by overlooking options that aren’t the status quo. People default to doing things that don’t always align with what they want to achieve. Here are a few examples I’ve seen:
- A 45-year-old business owner storing cash in a bank account earning nothing while borrowing money from a bank and paying interest to finance equipment purchases.
- A 35-year-old contributing to a retirement account at work while trying to figure out how to pay for a child’s college tuition.
- A 60-year-old holding retirement accounts in the stock market while needing a set income for their retirement plans.
- A 55-year-old devoting all available resources to paying off a mortgage while eagerly wanting to retire as soon as possible.
- A 40-year-old motivated to save and defer tax in a 401(k) while wanting to retire at age 50.
In each scenario we see people looking for financial security settling for a typically accepted path out of a desire to do “something,” but it’s most often not what they are looking for. This disconnect is a result of the continuous drumbeat of the status quo:
- Defer taxes in a 401(k).
- Store money in the bank.
- Pay off your mortgage.
This advice is repeated over and over, leading people to aimlessly follow this ideology simply due to the absence of any other obvious options.
However, these three concepts for handling money can cause more problems and difficultly for people than anything else other than debt issues. The simplicity of it makes it appealing and, on the surface, can make reasonable sense, but the results are underwhelming and mostly frustrating. Why? Because:
- If you are storing money at the bank, the bank is making money on your money while paying you next to nothing in return.
- If you are borrowing money from the bank, you are giving up control of a portion of your cash flow to repay the loan while paying the bank interest.
- And when you fund a tax-deferred account, you’re allowing the government to dictate when you can access your money – and they will have to let you know later what tax rate you will pay them since they don’t know what taxes will be in the future.
- When it comes to mortgage payoff acceleration, it is a race to zero with no wealth creation and no access to cash.
Is this how you would describe your perfect investment? Of course not, and while there is no perfect investment, you do have a choice: You can settle for the status quo, or you can think outside the box and do something different.
As I mentioned, what most savers are looking for is financial security. I define financial security as having access to cash when you need it for the rest of your life. This is easier said than done, of course, but it is where we need to begin.
There are four broad categories to consider when looking for products to accomplish this goal. Long-term growth, consistent income, access to cash and tax mitigation.
Aside from entrepreneurship and real estate, public stock markets have the highest growth potential over the long term. But there are two other aspects to growth that savers often overlook: growth through income and the idea of uninterrupted growth.
Growth through income centers around an asset creating income to reinvest, and it is best achieved through private markets, such as real estate, private equity and private debt. There is simply too much volatility in public markets to effectively pursue a growth through income strategy. It can be done but not as effectively.
Uninterrupted growth has more to do with how money is flowing. Let me explain. When you spend money, that money is gone and no longer working for you. However, using a private banking strategy that capitalizes on the unique features of a whole life insurance policy, you can actually have money accumulating in the contract while borrowing money to make your purchases. This leveraging strategy keeps your money growing uninterrupted while accessing money through loans collateralized by the contract. In other words, you’re building wealth on money you would otherwise spend. This is one of the most underutilized strategies because most people (including insurance agents who sell insurance) don’t understand how it works.
One other thing about the insurance design … the money grows and is accessible tax-free without age restrictions. This is a big deal as you will see in a moment.
Stacking these three growth strategies together expands your diversification, reduces risk, reduces volatility and can increase your wealth more efficiently and with more control.
Having consistent income ranks highest on the list of things needed to have financial security and is the primary reason traditional investments in the public stock market held inside or outside of traditional retirement accounts are less likely to be used for this purpose.
Without consistent income flowing into your checking account, you cannot effectively manage your cash flow, and if the source of that income is at risk of losing value, you add another layer of insecurity about the longevity of your income. This is a huge revelation for people, considering that the public stock market is the status quo default in retirement plans and is the least manageable of all ideas being discussed.
You cannot control the markets and therefore cannot predict the income, account value or its longevity. It’s all hypothetical to assume what stock markets will do, but supporting your cash flow needs for 30 years in retirement is not hypothetical … it’s real, and there is little margin for error.
Annuities and private market investments are best suited for income and should be the primary source for fulfilling the goal of having consistent income. You just need to know how to solve for this effectively.
Access to Cash
Having access to cash is also high on the list for financial security and is another reason traditional investment in the public stock market held inside or outside of traditional retirement accounts is not the best option for holding cash. Age restrictions, market volatility and tax liabilities are all downsides of these products, making them problematic for storing cash.
Bank accounts are another default option for storing cash, but these accounts earn close to nothing and are taxable. Those two reasons alone are motivation to find an alternative.
Again, public markets are best suited for long-term growth, and banks are best used for moving money around to pay your bills and conduct business. They are not best suited for holding cash.
A specially designed whole life insurance contract as previously mentioned is much better suited for storing cash with tax-free growth, tax-free access, consistent growth and no government age restrictions.
Everyone desires tax mitigation, but it is mostly heard about and seldom seen in real life. The reason is simple: These strategies fall outside the status quo. People mistakenly think tax deferral is a tax mitigation method, but in actuality it is the primary source of tax problems in retirement.
It is a paradox that people who defer taxes with 401(k)s, IRAs and other similar retirement accounts think they are saving on taxes – because they are actually causing a larger tax problem for themselves. True tax savings is not tax deferral. Tax deferral just kicks the can down the road.
If you are already in a situation where you have a large amount of money in tax-deferred accounts and are looking for strategies to convert taxable assets to tax-free, then you will want to work with a team of experts who can help guide you through what is being discussed in this article.
The process for this is situational and has no magic formula for the masses, but I do want to state that this isn’t simply advice for a Roth conversion. A Roth conversion can certainly be part of a tax-mitigation strategy to prevent the problem from expanding into the future, but we must first attempt to minimize the taxes of the conversion.
Conclusion for Designing Your Ideal Investment Portfolio
The status quo will have you believe that there is nothing more to learn and that trusting banks and the government is in your best interest. As ridiculous as this may sound to you, deferring taxes in a 401(k), storing money in the bank, and accelerating the payoff of your mortgage is exactly what defines status quo.
The biggest challenge is to remain open-minded and consider the fact that there is a better way. There is a saying that goes, your brain is like a parachute; it only works when it is open.